Article 1114

Title of the article

FAUNA AND POPULATION OF COLEOPTERA (INSECTA, COLEOPTERA)
OF THE NATURAL COMPLEX «ERGACH» (PERM REGION)

Authors

Kozminykh Vladislav Olegovitch, Doctor of chemical sciences, professor, head of sub-department of chemistry, Perm State Humanitarian Pedagogical University (24 Sibirskaya street, Perm, Russia), kvoncstu@yahoo.com, kvoncstu@mail.ru

Index UDK

592.173

Abstract

Background. Ecological and faunistic studies of invertebrate animals of the unique nature territory of Kungur insular forest steppe in the Perm Area are necessary and topical. The purpose of investigation is to study numerical and taxonomic diversity, structure of communities and activity dynamics of beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera) in the most typical biocenoses of the natural complex «Ergach» in the west of Kungur forest steppe in Ergach village surroundings of Kungur District of Perm region.
Materials and methods. For three years (2010–2012) the author studied the composition, biological diversity of natural communities, ecological structure and population dynamics of herpetobiont beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera) in the typical biogeocenoses of the natural complex «Ergach», such as gypsumlime rocky outcrops of near-flow south-western slope of the right bank of Babka river, herbacious floodplain meadow, steppe fern pine forest and secondary birch forest. Invertebrates were collected by plastic soil traps and manually as well.
Results. On Ergach territory the author studied the composition and population structure, distribution by biocenoses and activity of beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera) from 34 families. Eight main groups were formed to establish regularities of soil beetles distribution by biocenoses: carabids (Carabidae), staphylinids (Staphylinidae), silphids (Silphidae), leiodids (Leiodidae), scarabaeids (Scarabaeidae, Trogidae, Geotrupidae), darkling beetles (Tenebrionidae), leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae) and weevils (Curculionidae, Brentidae), their domination in localities gets close to 97 %. The total taxonomic composition of beetles (126 species from 13 families) was specified. The carabid beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) composition was defined (80 species from 32 genus), their population structure in biocenoses and relative abundance were investigated, biodiversity analysis of their communities was conducted.
Conclusions. The author studied the taxonomic composition and population structure, distribution by biocenoses and activity of beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera) in the natural complex «Ergach» of Kungur insular forest steppe of Perm region. The article presents the analysis of biodiversity data of carabids (Coleoptera, Carabidae) as one of the most significant beetle families in biocenoses.

Key words

beetles, Insecta, Coleoptera, taxonomic structure, biological diversity, average density dynamics, relative abundance, Nature Territory «Ergach», Kungur insular forest steppe, Perm region.

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References

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Дата создания: 09.07.2014 10:47
Дата обновления: 09.07.2014 11:23